Cars might catch fire for lots of causes. Mechanical or electric problems are the most frequent reason. A vehicle may also get fire as the result of a bad impact. In case you notice fumes or flames or smell burning rubber or plastic, react right away.
In order to understand how to act preventively or after a car fire in succession to a road accident, it is necessary to explain the main causes of its occurrence: short circuit in the electric area or the thermal effect through contact (leaking fuel on the heated parts of the engine).
What to do in case your vehicle is on fire
Pull over as quickly as it is safe to do so, make sure to use your signal while you make your way to a secure place off the street like the breakdown lane or rest stop.
After you have stopped, TURN OFF the motor.
GET every person out from the auto. By no means go back to a burning car for anything.
MOVE everybody at least 100 feet from the burning vehicle and also well away from traffic.
How to prevent a car fire
A lot of automobile fires may be prevented before they ever happen. Keep these car fire prevention tips in mind:
Be aware of the danger signs
[Cracked or loose wires or electrical problems, including a fuse which blows more often than once]
[Oil or liquid leaking]
[Oil cap not on securely]
[Rapid changes in fuel or fluid level, or engine temperature]
Instructions for prevention and fire extinction
Pumping gas will be with the engine off, avoiding spilling the products. If product spills occur, they must be removed immediately, using sand and only then will restart the engine of the vehicle.
Refuel will be done through pumping stations or by dropping with the flexible hosehaving nonferrous metal reinforcements. In case of manual refueling with buckets and canisters, mandatory will be used funnels, the filling place is making at least 20 m from the deposit tanks. It is forbidden the use of plastic canisters.
Car fire prevention technologies
Fire prevention devices
(especially in LPG or CNG fueled vehicles) – Severe collisions in which may be involved such vehicles may have the effect, among other things, breaking the supply pipes. Order to prevent eventual fires and explosions, these cars are equipped with safety valves that isolate the tank from the rest of the supply installation, and where, however, the pressure rises still are found (thing that proves occurrence of some fire outbreaks in the vicinity of the tank), controlled release the content in the atmosphere even if this means feeding a fire source, to prevent possible explosion.
4 Secure positioning of the fuel tank
Because the risk of breakage (and consequently, of fire) to be as low as possible, manufacturers have resorted to placing the fuel tanks so, that the risk of penetration/breaking specific to the principal types of collisions to be minimized (in most cases is under the rear seat, the less exposed bodywork area to frequent collisions – front or rear), concurrently with the use of some materials as more resistant as both corrosion and a wide range of minor shocks.
[Most crashes do NOT result in fire. In the event of any crash, call 9-1-1. If there is no sign of fire, wait for emergency assistance to help any injured individuals out of the car.]